- American Cocker Spaniel
- Cocker Spaniel
- English Cocker Spaniel
- English Springer Spaniel
Canine Phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency is an autosomal recessive genetic disease which prevents the metabolism of glucose into available energy resulting in exercise intolerance and muscle disease in Cocker Spaniels. PFK deficiency also destroys red blood cells in affected dogs, leading to anemia. The PFK deficiency gene frequency in Cockers is estimated to be 10% of the population. Because it is an autosomal recessive disorder, dogs that are "Carriers" of the disease show no signs of PFK deficiency, yet can pass the gene along and perpetuate the disease through breeding. Ultimately, the result is more affected animals. Although there is a significant frequency of this defect, there are no effective treatments for PFK deficiency. Therefore, breeders have been unable to combat the disease by using responsible breeding strategies to reduce the incidence of PFK deficiency in future generations of dogs.
Based on research conducted at the University of Pennsylvania, VetGen has developed a highly reliable, non-invasive DNA test that provides a definitive diagnosis whether a dog is PFK deficiency - "Affected", "Carrier", or "Clear". With this information in hand, Cocker and Cocker Spaniel breeders and owners have key insight into their bloodstock and can proceed to make informed decisions about training, showing, and breeding plans for each dog.
Special thanks to Cocker Spaniel breeders from around the country, and the financial support of the American Kennel Club, Morris Animal Foundation, and Orthopedic Foundation for Animals for their support of canine genetic research at the University of Michigan and Michigan State University that led to the genetic test for phosphofructokinase deficiency.